Freight Rail Transport

NACE Macro-Sector: H - Transporting and storage

Level 2: H49

Level 3: H49.2

Level 4: H49.2.0

Freight Rail Transport

Climate Change Mitigation

Metric and threshold:
• Zero direct emissions trains (e.g. electric, hydrogen) are eligible. • Other trains are eligible if direct emissions per tonne-km (gCO2e/tkm) are 50% lower than average reference CO2 emissions of HDVs as defined for the Heavy Duty CO2 Regulation, to be reviewed in 2025. • Rail that is dedicated to the transport of fossil fuels or fossil fuels blended with alternative fuels is not eligible even if meeting the criteria above. Brief rationale: Zero direct emissions rail (e.g. electric, hydrogen) is eligible because: • With the present energy mix, the overall emissions associated with zero direct emissions rail transport (i.e. electric or hydrogen) are among the lowest compared with other transport modes. • The generation of the energy carriers used by zero direct emissions transport is assumed to become low or zero carbon in the near future The threshold of 50% lower than average reference CO2 emissions of HDVs ensures that the carbon intensity remains similar to criteria for eligible road freight vehicles, with a review in 2025 to assess technology developments in the freight transport sector. The Heavy Duty CO2 Regulation uses a g CO2/km metric. To convert this to a g CO2/tonne-km metric, the average payload for the road freight vehicles should be applied. Once reference value data is available, it is expected that the taxonomy will specify CO2e/tkm threshold values.

Climate Change Adaptation