Manufacture of plastics in primary form shall comply with at least one of the following three criteria and when relevant with the additional criteria, reported below:
1) The plastics in primary form is manufactured by mechanical recycling.
2) The plastics in primary form is manufactured by chemical recycling including: chemical depolymerisation (aka monomerisation), pyrolysis, gasification, solvent-based purification of polymers etc. When applying criterion 2, the carbon footprint of the plastics in primary form, manufactured by chemical recycling (excluding any calculated benefit from the production of fuels), shall be lower when compared to the carbon footprint of the plastics in primary form manufactured with fossil fuel feedstock. The carbon footprint shall be calculated in accordance with ISO 14067:2018 and validated by a third party.
3) Manufacture of plastics in primary form shall be wholly or partially derived from renewable feedstock and the carbon footprint of the plastics in primary form, manufactured wholly or partially from renewable feedstock shall be lower when compared to the carbon footprint of the plastics in primary form manufactured with fossil fuel feedstock.
The carbon footprint shall be calculated in accordance with ISO 14067:2018 and validated by a third party.
For the purpose of applying criterion 3, renewable feedstock refers to biomass, industrial bio-waste or municipal bio-waste.
Additional criteria the activity needs to comply with:
Single use consumer products:
Independent sector study confirms that at least 90% of the type of plastic manufactured is not used for single use consumer products, or based on recycled plastics as feedstock.
If feedstock is biomass (excluding industrial and municipal bio-waste):
A full traceability of sourcing through the corresponding chain of custody management system needs to be in place and its effectiveness proven through the corresponding certification systems;
Any forest biomass used in the process shall comply with EU Timber Regulation (EU/995/2010) and the EU Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT), where applicable;
Any forest biomass used in the process is committed any forest biomass used in the process is committed to forest certification using independent third-party schemes that are regularly audited in the forest areas.
Forest management and chain of custody practices in sourcing areas that are not yet certified, must be aligned (roadmap to certification) with the same certification standards;
Forest biomass coming from irrigated forest plantations shall not be used;
Any biomass produced within the EU used in the process must be subject to a transparent, credible chain of custody and comply with biomass sustainability criteria as defined in the cross compliance conditionalities of the Common Agricultural Policy and as defined in the Common Fisheries Policy;
Biomass used shall comply with align with the requirements defined under the directives RED + and RED2+ as applicable for biomass and biofuels and with the requirements for biomass defined in the forestry section in this Taxonomy.
Biomass shall not come from agricultural land that has been the subject of land use change from forest or pasture since 1994. The above-mentioned certification schemes shall provide a robust chain of custody audit system for the feedstock;
Products derived from new, greenfield oil palm tree plantation are excluded from the scope;
Particular case of forest biomass certification: small-scale palm oil cultivators operating in existing forest plantations should be able to be included in the certification system and ensure that they receive their fair share of profits.
If feedstock is industrial bio-waste (incl. waste from the food or feed industries) or municipal bio-waste:
Any solid bio-waste used in the manufacturing process shall originate from source segregated and separately collected (non-hazardous) waste streams, i.e. shall not be separated from mixed residual waste;
The bio-waste used in the process shall be consistent with the waste regulatory framework and the national/regional/local waste management plans, in particular with the proximity principle.
Where municipal bio-waste is used as a feedstock, the project shall be complementary to and not compete with existing municipal bio-waste management infrastructure.