A - Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Reforestation is defined as the re-establishment of forest through planting and/or deliberate seeding on land classified as forest. It implies no change of land use, includes planting/seeding of temporarily un-stocked forest areas as well as planting/seeding of areas with forest cover. It includes coppice from trees that were originally planted or seeded . The FAO FRA definition of reforestation excludes natural regeneration. However, the Taxonomy recognises the importance of natural regeneration to the increased carbon sink and stock potential provided by forests in general. It is therefore included explicitly within this context in line with the FAO FRA definition of naturally regenerating forest .
In the context of the Taxonomy, the category ‘reforestation’ applies in cases following extreme events (wind throws, fires etc.), and not as part of normal, legally binding obligation to reforest after harvesting.
Climate Change Mitigation
Metric and threshold:
Continued compliance with the Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) requirements is demonstrated and continuously disclosed at 10-year intervals through a forest management plan (or equivalent instrument) that shall be reviewed by an independent third-party certifier and/or competent authorities (as described in Criteria 3).
Verified GHG balance baseline is calculated for above-ground carbon pools, based on growth-yield curves for species per m3/year/ha, carbon convertible. Calculating the GHG balance baseline requires knowledge of the area, the species and number of trees. Using the growth-yield curves, information will be given on the annual increment in m3/year/ha, which can be used for the basis of the GHG balance. The methodology is consistent with the approach in the Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (IPCC Guidelines), it recommends recalculation of the amount of carbon sequestered; 1 ton of biomass representing approximately 0,5 ton of carbon. Further one ton of carbon equals 44/12 = 3.67 tons of carbon dioxide.
Above ground Carbon stocks shall increase above carbon baseline over a period of 20 years . Changes in carbon stocks should be disclosed based on growth yield curves in 10 year intervals through a forest management plan (or equivalent instrument ) that shall be reviewed by an independent third-party certifier and/or competent authorities (as described in Criteria 3) .