A - Agriculture, forestry and fishing
That in which the ‘primary designated management objective’ (FAO FRA definition) is that of conservation. Specifically, those forests where the management objectives are ‘conservation of biodiversity’ or ‘social services’ based on the FAO FRA definitions .
Climate Change Mitigation
Metric and threshold:
Continued compliance with the Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) requirements is demonstrated and continuously disclosed at 10-year intervals through a forest conservation plan that shall be reviewed by an independent third-party certifier and/or competent authorities (as described in Criteria 3). The primary management objective of the forest should continue to be conservation – otherwise the forest will be subject to different NACE metrics and thresholds.
Verified GHG balance baseline is calculated for above-ground carbon pools, based on growth-yield curves for species per m3/year/ha, carbon convertible. Calculating the GHG balance baseline requires knowledge of the area, the species and number of trees. Using the growth-yield curves, information will be given on the annual increment in m3/year/ha, which can be used for the basis of the GHG balance. The methodology is consistent with the approach in the Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (IPCC Guidelines), it recommends recalculation of the amount of carbon sequestered; 1 ton of biomass representing approximately 0,5 ton of carbon. Further one ton of carbon equals 44/12 = 3.67 tons of carbon dioxide.
Above ground Carbon stocks shall be maintained or increased above carbon baseline over time. Changes in carbon stocks should be disclosed based on growth yield curves in 10-year intervals through a forest conservation plan (or equivalent instrument ) that shall be reviewed by an independent third-party certifier and/or competent authorities (as described in Criteria 2).