Growing of perennial crops




Climate change adaptation:

Technical Screening Criteria:
Depending on the primary objective of the activity, refer to:  Screening criteria for adapted activities  Screening criteria for an activity enabling adaptation Users of the Taxonomy should identify and explain which criteria they are responding to.

Climate change adaptation do not significant harm:

Summary:
Key environmental aspects to be considered for investments in growing of perennial crops span across all other five objectives and are summarized as follows: • ability of farming systems to adapt to a changing climate; • impact on water quantity, water quality and water ecosystems; • impacts on air quality; • inefficiencies in the production system including nutrient management; • pollutant and nutrient run-off and leaching; • impacts on habitats and species, e.g. through conversion of areas, intensification of existing arable land, and invasive alien species. Note that areas of environmental risk are highly geographically variable. Guidance should be sought from the relevant competent national or regional authority to identify areas or issues of importance and relevance within the area or project concerned.

Mitigation:
• Maintain permanent grassland • No burning of arable stubble except where authority has granted an exemption for plant health reasons. • Appropriate protection of wetland or peatland and no conversion of continuously forested areas or land spanning more than one hectare with trees higher than 5m and a canopy cover of between 10 & 30% or able to reach those thresholds in situ • Minimum land management under tillage to reduce risk of soil degradation including on slopes. No bare soil in most sensitive period to prevent erosion and loss of soils.

References regulation:

Relevant regulation:

Water:
• Identify and manage risks related to water quality and/or water consumption at the appropriate level. Ensure that water use/conservation management plans, developed in consultation with relevant stakeholders, have been developed and implemented. • In the EU, fulfil the requirements of EU water legislation

Based on legislation:
Y

Regulation:
General reference to EU legislation

Circular economy:
• Activities should minimise raw material use per unit of output, including energy through increased resource use efficiency . • Activities should minimise the loss of nutrients (in particular nitrogen and phosphate) leaching out from the production system into the environment. • Activities should use residues and by-products the production or harvesting of crops to reduce demand for primary resources, in line with good agricultural practice;

Based on legislation:

Regulation:

Pollution:
• Activities ensure that nutrients (fertilisers) and plant protection products (e.g. pesticides and herbicides) are targeted in their application (in time and area treated) and are delivered at appropriate levels (with preference to sustainable biological, physical or other non-chemical methods if possible) and with appropriate equipment and techniques to reduce risk and impacts of pesticide use on human health and the environment (e.g. water and air pollution) and the loss of excess nutrients. • The use only of plant protection products with active substances that ensure high protection of human and animal health and the environment.

Based on legislation:

Regulation:

Ecosystems:
• Activities ensure the protection of soils, particularly over winter, to prevent erosion and run-off into water courses/bodies and to maintain soil organic matter. • Activities do not lead to the conversion, fragmentation or unsustainable intensification of high-nature-value land, wetlands, forests, or other areas of high-biodiversity value . This includes highly biodiverse grassland spanning more than one hectare that is: i) natural, namely grassland that would remain grassland in the absence of human intervention and that maintains the natural species composition and ecological characteristics and processes; or ii) non-natural, namely grassland that would cease to be grassland in the absence of human intervention and that is species-rich and not degraded and has been identified as being highly biodiverse by the relevant competent authority. • Activities should not : o result in a decrease in the diversity or abundance of species and habitats of conservation importance or concern; o contravene existing management plans or conservation objectives. • Where activities involve the production of novel non-native or invasive alien species, their cultivation should be subject to an initial risk assessment and on-going monitoring in order to ensure that sufficient safeguards are in place to prevent escape to the environment.

Based on legislation:

Regulation:


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