Passenger Rail Transport (Interurban)
Climate Change Mitigation
Metric and threshold:
Zero direct emissions trains are eligible. Other trains are eligible if direct emissions (TTW) are below 50g CO2e emissions per passenger kilometre (gCO2e/pkm) until 2025 (non-eligible thereafter).
Zero direct emissions rail (e.g. electric, hydrogen) is eligible because:
• With the present energy mix, the overall emissions associated with zero direct emissions rail transport (i.e. electric or hydrogen) are among the lowest compared with other transport modes. • The generation of the energy carriers used by zero direct emissions transport is assumed to become low or zero carbon in the near future.
The threshold of 50 gCO2e/pkm until 2025 ensures that the carbon intensity remains similar to criteria for eligible road vehicles with low occupation factor (50 gCO2/vkm) and significantly lower than emissions for an average car in the current vehicle stock.