Public transport




Climate change adaptation:

Technical Screening Criteria:
Depending on the primary objective of the activity, refer to:  Screening criteria for adapted activities  Screening criteria for an activity enabling adaptation Users of the Taxonomy should identify and explain which criteria they are responding to.

Climate change adaptation do not significant harm:

Summary:
The main potential significant harm to other environmental objectives from the operation of urban and suburban passenger land transport (public transport) are summarised as follows: • Direct emissions to air from the exhaust gases of internal combustion engine: nitrogen oxides (NOx), total hydrocarbon (THC), non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHC), carbon monoxide (CO), particulate matter (PM) and particle number, and from tyre abrasion and brakes friction and noise emissions ; • Waste generation (hazardous and non-hazardous) during maintenance and end-of-life of the vehicle or rolling stock.

Mitigation:
Emissions performance threshold of 95g CO2e/pkm should not be exceeded.

References regulation:

Relevant regulation:

Water:

Based on legislation:

Regulation:

Circular economy:
• Regarding both maintenance and end-of-life management of vehicles or rolling stock, compliance with EU and national legislation on hazardous waste generation, management and treatment. • Compliance with Directive 2000/53/EC ("End-of-life of vehicles Directive") only for vehicle types M1 and N1 (busses are out of scope of the Directive)

Based on legislation:
Y

Regulation:
General reference to EU legislation End of life vehicles Directive

Pollution:
• Buses must comply with the current Euro VID and from 2022, the Euro VIE stage. Railcars, locomotives must comply with latest applicable standards (currently stage 5) of Non-Road Mobile Machinery Regulation . • Where applicable, tyres must comply with the (revised) Tyre labelling regulation . It includes noise labelling requirements but not requirements on tyre abrasion. However, the proposal of revision envisages a test method to be developed: A suitable testing method to measure tyre abrasion is not currently available. Therefore, the Commission should mandate the development of such a method, taking into full consideration of all state-of-the-art internationally developed or proposed standards or regulations, with a view to establishing a suitable testing method as soon as possible. • Where applicable, tyres must comply with the noise requirements set by Regulation (EC) No 661/2009 on type-approval requirements for the general safety of motor vehicles . • Vehicles must comply with Regulation (EU) No 540/2014 on the sound level of motor vehicles and of replacement silencing systems. • Minimise noise and vibrations of rolling stock by applying thresholds on pass-by noise in dB in line with Regulation 1304/2014 Noise TSI : o Electric locomotives <84dB at 80km/h & <99 at 250 km/h; o Diesel locomotives <85 at 80km/h; o Electric multiple units <80dB at 80km/h & <95 at 250 km/h; o Diesel Multiple Units <81dB at 80km/h & <96 at 250 km/h; o Coaches <79dB at 80km/h; o Wagons <83dB at 80km/h

Based on legislation:
Y

Regulation:
Emissions standards (Euro VID, Euro VIE) Non-road mobile machinery regulation Sound level of silencing systems regulation Type approval requirements for the general safety of motor vehicles

Ecosystems:

Based on legislation:

Regulation:


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