Zero direct emissions inland waterway vessels are eligible.
• Dedicated vessels solely using advanced biofuels or renewable liquid and gaseous transport fuels of non-biological origin as defined in Art. 2 (34) and Art. 2 (36) in line with Directive (EU) 2018/2001), guaranteed either by technological design or ongoing monitoring and third-party verification. In addition, for an investment in new vessels, only vessels with efficiency corresponding to direct emissions below 95g CO2 e /pkm (including biogenic CO2) are eligible. Eligibility should be reviewed latest by 2025, or when Directive (EU) 2018/2001) is reviewed.
• Other Inland waterways vessels are eligible if direct emissions are below 50 gCO2e emissions per passenger kilometre (gCO2e/pkm) (or 92.6 g per passenger nautical mile (gCO2e/pnm)). Eligibility should be reviewed in 2025.
Zero direct emissions inland waterway transport (e.g. electric, hydrogen) is eligible because:
• With the present energy mix, the overall emissions associated with zero direct emissions rail transport (i.e. electric or hydrogen) are among the lowest compared with other transport modes. • The generation of the energy carriers used by zero direct emissions transport is assumed to become low or zero carbon in the near future.
The threshold of 50 gCO2e/pkm until 2025 (when it will be reviewed) ensures that the carbon intensity remains similar to criteria for eligible road vehicles with low occupation factor (50 gCO2/vkm) and significantly lower than emissions for an average car in the current vehicle stock. Substantial contribution to climate mitigation from fuel substitution is in line with the agreed taxonomy regulation.