• Zero direct emissions inland waterways vessels are eligible.
• Dedicated vessels solely using advanced biofuels or renewable liquid and gaseous transport fuels of non-biological origin as defined in Art. 2 (34) and Art. 2 (36) in line with Directive (EU) 2018/2001), guaranteed either by technological design or ongoing third-party monitoring and verification. In addition, for an investment in new vessels, only vessels with efficiency corresponding to direct CO2 emissions (gCO2/ tkm) (including biogenic CO2) below the average reference value defined for HDVs (Heavy Duty CO2 Regulation) are eligible. Eligibility should be reviewed in 2025, or when Directive (EU) 2018/2001) is reviewed.
• Other inland waterway vessels are eligible if direct emissions per tkm CO2e emissions per tonne kilometre (gCO2e/tkm) or per tonne nautical mile (gCO2e/tnm) are 50% lower than the average reference value defined for HDVs (Heavy Duty CO2 Regulation). Eligibility should be reviewed in 2025.
• Vessels that are dedicated to the transport of fossil fuels or any blended fossil fuels are not eligible even if meeting the criteria above
Zero direct emissions inland waterway transport (e.g. electric, hydrogen) is eligible because:
• With the present energy mix, the overall emissions associated with zero direct emissions rail transport (i.e. electric or hydrogen) are among the lowest compared with other transport modes.
• The generation of the energy carriers used by zero direct emissions transport is assumed to become low or zero carbon in the near future.
The threshold of 50% lower than average reference CO2 emissions of HDVs ensures that the carbon intensity remains similar to criteria for eligible road freight vehicles, with a review in 2025 to assess technology developments in the freight transport sector. The Heavy Duty CO2 Regulation uses a g CO2/km metric. To convert this to a g CO2/tonne-km metric, the average payload for the road freight vehicles should be applied. Once reference value data is available, it is expected that the taxonomy will specify CO2e/tkm threshold values.
Substantial contribution to climate mitigation from fuel substitution is in line with the agreed taxonomy regulation.